March 10, 2011To herald the Ninth Congress of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party this month, Vientiane Times is running a series of articles to give readers greater insight into the Party’s goals.
As part of efforts to liberate the nation from foreign aggression, the Lao People’s Party organised its second Congress from February 3 to 6, 1972, in Viengxay district, Huaphan province. During the conference the Party changed its name to the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party.
Some 125 Party members representing the 21,000 Party members nationwide attended the congress which focused on ethnic solidarity to overthrow aggressors, liberate the nation, and fulfil the goals of the revolution.
The 1972 congress also saw the late President Kaysone Phomvihane elected as the Party’s Secretary General.
The Party was born in a backward agricultural country with a predominantly peasant population. Under the leadership of workers, the worker-peasant alliance made the Party a genuine Marxist-Leninist Party.
The Party correctly formulated revolutionary strategies and tactics to liberate the nation. It merged different ethnic groups into a united front that engaged in a protracted national struggle under the motto of ‘Peace, Neutrality, National Concord, Independence and Democracy’, under the leadership of the Party.
By combining the armed struggle with political activity – simultaneously fighting and negotiating – the Party was mindful of the need to improve the revolutionary forces, and closely combined the Lao force with the forces of Vietnam and Cambodia to form a combative alliance.
This combined struggle of the people and armed forces won successive and ever greater victories. One of the most outstanding performances of the Party was its capacity to recognise the opportune moment to lead people throughout the entire country in seizing power, which led to the creation of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic on December 2, 1975, thereupon ushering the nation into a new era of development and prosperity.
The year 1975 is remembered as the culmination of Laos’ struggle to defeat two colonial powers. In Laos the monarchy was abolished, leading to the establishment of the present regime, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic.
Laos, once under colonial rule, became an independent and unified state. Lao people of all ethnic groups are now masters of their own destiny and are ready to work towards the fulfillment of goals for the social betterment of all citizens.